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seaFAST Litre High-Volume Automated Seawater Analysis

ID: 60
Category: application-notes
ESI System: seaFAST
Application: Oceanography
The seaFAST Litre high-volume automated preconcentration system is designed to preconcentrate large volumes of seawater for ultratrace determination of elemental concentrations and isotope ratios.

Automated Processing of Seawater Samples for Iron Isotope Ratio Determination

ID: 59
Category: application-notes
ESI System: seaFAST
Application: Oceanography
Bioactive metals, such as iron, act as important nutrients in the ocean and are often present at very low concentrations, which limit phytoplankton growth. In recent years, measurement of the dissolved stable isotope ratio of bioactive metals in seawater has provided insight into the biogeochemical cycling of these elements. Iron isotope ratios, in particular, have been shown to be useful tracers of iron sources across the open oceans.

Ultra-high Throughput Mehlich-3 ICP Analysis with SampleSense Soil

ID: 66
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Soil
Application: Agriculture & Food
SampleSense Soil uses an inert injection valve with built-in optical sensors that automatically detect the liquid sample, inject the valve and trigger the ICP read in a tightly-timed analytical sequence. SampleSense Soil eliminates wasted time from the ICP method and can more than double sample throughput on the iCAP ICPOES while recording missing or empty tubes.

Six Second Soil Mehlich-3-ICP - SampleSense Soil Upgrade for Optima ICP Series

ID: 81
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Soil
Application: Agriculture & Food
SampleSense Soil uses an inert injection valve with built-in optical sensors that automatically detect the liquid sample, inject the valve and trigger the ICP read in a tightly-timed analytical sequence. SampleSense Soil eliminates wasted time from the ICP method and can double or even triple sample throughput while recording missing or empty tubes.

Six Second Soil Mehlich-3-ICP - SampleSense Soil - Avio 500 ICP

ID: 83
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Soil
Application: Agriculture & Food
SampleSense Soil uses an inert injection valve with built-in optical sensors that automatically detect the liquid sample, inject the valve and trigger the ICP read in a tightly-timed analytical sequence. SampleSense Soil eliminates wasted time from the ICP method and can double or even triple sample throughput while recording missing or empty tubes.

11 Elements in 11 Seconds - SampleSense Soil - Thermo iCAP 6000/7000 Series ICP-OES

ID: 82
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Soil
Application: Agriculture & Food
SampleSense Soil uses an inert injection valve with built-in optical sensors that automatically detect the liquid sample, inject the valve and trigger the ICP read in a tightly-timed analytical sequence. SampleSense Soil eliminates wasted time from the ICP method and can more than double sample throughput on the iCAP ICP-OES while recording missing or empty tubes.

SampleSense prepFAST – Automated Inline Sample Dilution and J Spiking for Pharmaceutical Analysis

ID: 91
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense prepFAST
Application: Earth Sciences; Environmental; Mining & Materials; Pharmaceutical
The SampleSense prepFAST described in this application note automatically calibrates, dilutes and spikes samples, and adjusts sample loading for variable sample volume and viscosity to improve efficiency, consistency, and performance for the analysis of pharmaceutical products.

Enhanced Automation using SampleSense prepFAST and PerkinElmer NexION 2000 ICPMS for U.S. EPA Method 200.8

ID: 75
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense prepFAST
Application: Earth Sciences; Environmental; Mining & Materials; Pharmaceutical
This work demonstrates the Elemental Scientific prepFAST automated sampling system featuring novel SampleSense™ technology coupled with a PerkinElmer NexION 2000 ICPMS performing analysis with this U.S. EPA method.

Enhanced Automation using SampleSense prepFAST and PerkinElmer Avio 500 ICP for US EPA Method 200.7 Compliance

ID: 90
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense prepFAST
Application: Earth Sciences; Environmental; Mining & Materials; Pharmaceutical
The measurement of trace metals in environmental waters is of great importance to ecosystems and human health, not only for the provision of safe drinking water to communities, but also to protect the natural world from the toxic effects of excess pollution from industrial discharge and treated wastewater effluent. Therefore, the levels of many trace metals are often regulated by law for waters discharged into the environment as a result of human activities.

SampleSense Oil Ultra-high Throughput Oil Analysis System for Agilent 5900 ICP-OES

ID: 68
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Oil
Application: Lubricants & Coolants
The SampleSense Oil system for Agilent 5900 ICP-OES provides ultrahigh throughput analysis for in-service oil laboratories running ASTM Method D5185. The SampleSense Oil system provides in-service lubricant laboratories an entirely new level of performance. SampleSense Oil combines ultra-high throughput ICPOES analysis, minimizes ICP system maintenance, maximizes profit per sample and provides significantly improved data.

SampleSense Oil for Thermo iCAP PRO - Ultra-high Throughput Automation System for In-Service Fluids Analysis – 3 Samples per Minute

ID: 77
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Oil
Application: Lubricants & Coolants
SampleSense Oil provides a fast, accurate sample introduction system that incorporates a gas infusion mixing. This provides controlled sample mixing to homogenize the sample immediately before analysis, eliminating manual mixing of samples after dilution and resulting in significant time savings and improved productivity.

SampleSense Oil for PerkinElmer Avio 500 - Ultra-high Throughput Automation System for In-Service Fluids Analysis – 3 Samples per Minute

ID: 78
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Oil
Application: Lubricants & Coolants
SampleSense Oil provides a fast, accurate sample introduction system that incorporates a gas infusion mixing. This provides controlled sample mixing to homogenize the sample immediately before analysis, eliminating manual mixing of samples after dilution and resulting in significant time savings and improved productivity.

SampleSense Oil for Agilent 5900 – Ultra-high Throughput Automation System for In-Service Fluid ICP Analysis – 3 Samples per Minute

ID: 61
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Oil
Application: Lubricants & Coolants
The SampleSense Oil system provides high throughput, controlled sample mixing, positive confirmation of sample introduction and sample position, autosampler autocorrection, compatibility with multiple vial sizes, and stable performance, all while achieving three samples per minute.

SampleSense FAST – Analysis of Inorganic Nutrients in Animal Feeds Using Method EN 15621

ID: 92
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense FAST
Application: Earth Sciences; Environmental; Mining & Materials; Pharmaceutical
The presence of minerals and nutrients such as Ca, Na, P, Mg, and K at high concentrations makes ICP-OES the ideal technique for analyzing animal feed, but traditional sample introduction systems sometimes have difficulty analyzing these high-matrix samples. The addition of an automated sample introduction system with sample detection capability improves analytical performance by automatically accounting for variable sample viscosity, detecting missed sample events and minimizing sample consumption. This application note demonstrates the SampleSense FAST with the Avio 500 ICP-OES using the European Standard Method EN 15621 for the determination of nutrients in animal feed.

Revolutionizing Urine Metals Analysis with SampleSense

ID: 94
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense FAST
Application: Earth Sciences; Environmental; Mining & Materials; Pharmaceutical
SampleSense FAST is the most recent advancement in FAST technology. SampleSense couples an autosampler with an inert valve having integrated optical sensors to automatically detect the presence of a non-segmented liquid sample. Upon detection, the sensed sample is injected to the ICPMS nebulizer and the ICPMS analysis is triggered. Sample throughput is improved, sample consumption per analysis is reduced, and errors otherwise caused by empty sample tubes or missing sample tubes are eliminated.

SampleSense Clinical for Thermo iCAP RQ – Ultra-high Throughput Sample Introduction System for Micro-volume Clinical Samples – 20 Seconds per Sample

ID: 80
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Clinical
Application: Clinical & Life Sciences
The SampleSense Clinical system is uniquely optimized for high-throughput micro-sampling, positive confirmation of sample introduction, and stable performance for the analysis of difficult clinical sample matrices. Sample analysis rates of > 180 blood lead samples per hour are demonstrated with long-term reproducibility of 1% RSD.

SampleSense Clinical for PerkinElmer NexION 2000 – Ultra-high Throughput Sample Introduction System for Micro-volume Clinical Samples – 20 Seconds per Sample

ID: 79
Category: application-notes
ESI System: SampleSense Clinical
Application: Clinical & Life Sciences
The SampleSense Clinical system is uniquely optimized for high-throughput micro-sampling, positive confirmation of sample introduction, and stable performance for the analysis of difficult clinical sample matrices such as whole blood. Sample analysis rates of 180 blood lead samples per hour are demonstrated with longterm reproducibility within 1% RSD.

prepMASS – Automated Weight Dilution of Lubricants

ID: 241
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepMASS
Application: Oils, Lubricants & Coolants
prepMASS automatically dilutes oil and lubricant samples by weight for elemental ICP analysis. Using inert syringe technology, samples are precisely prepared from the source sample containers into the final diluted sample vials by means of an integrated and fully automated balance. Carryover is eliminated using disposable pipette tips and liquid level sensing for highly accurate and precise dilutions for a wide range of sample types. Upon completion of the weight dilution, a second transfer arm delivers the vial to the analysis rack and the dilution data is recorded.

Automated Inline Preparation of Engine Coolant Samples for High Throughput ICP Analysis using prepFAST

ID: 67
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST X, DXCi Autocorrecting Autosampler
Application: Laboratory Automation; Agriculture & Food; Clinical & Life Sciences; Earth Sciences; Environmental; Mining & Materials; Pharmaceutical
prepFAST X highly automates ICP engine coolant analyses through high-speed in-line syringe-driven dilution. prepFAST X includes four inert syringes coupled to a SampleSense X valve having integrated samplesensing technology. The system also includes a DXCi autocorrecting autosampler with position detection and autocorrection capability. After sensing and preparing each sample, prepFAST X triggers the ICP read to complete the analysis.

Ultrapure Water - Automated Analysis of Semiconductor Grade UPW with prepFAST S and NexION 5000 ICPMS

ID: 74
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST S
Application: Semiconductor
Ultrapure water (UPW) is widely utilized in the semiconductor as a cleaning agent. The reduction of potential contamination of silicon wafers during the cleaning process is crucial as trace metal, particulate and organic contaminants can alter the functionality of the semiconductors. At the ppt level, environmental contaminants are difficult to control and can easily contaminate an UPW sample if not properly handled.

TMAH - Automated Analysis of Semiconductor Grade TMAH with prepFAST S and NexION 5000 ICPMS

ID: 73
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST S
Application: Semiconductor
Tetramethylammonium Hydroxide (TMAH) is a basic solvent widely utilized in the semiconductor industry for photoresist development and lithography applications. The reduction of potential contamination of silicon wafers during the etching process is crucial as trace metal, particulate and organic contaminants can alter the functionality of the semiconductors. At the ppt level, environmental contaminants are difficult to control and can easily contaminate a TMAH sample if not properly handled.

Hydrofluoric Acid - Automated Analysis of Semiconductor Grade HF with prepFAST S and NexION 5000 ICPMS

ID: 69
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST S
Application: Semiconductor
The prepFAST S ultraclean sample preparation and introduction system minimizes contamination from the environment and sample handling, enabling semiconductor manufacturers and laboratories to easily analyze these critical samples. The prepFAST S features inline, automated calibration and dilution technology that automates sample and standard preparation.

HNO3 - Automated Analysis of Semiconductor Grade HNO3 with prepFAST S and NexION 5000 ICPMS

ID: 70
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST S
Application: Semiconductor
Nitric Acid is widely utilized in the semiconductor industry as a cleaning agent. The reduction of potential contamination of silicon wafers during the cleaning process is crucial as trace metal, particulate and organic contaminants can alter the functionality of the semiconductors. At the ppt level, environmental contaminants are difficult to control and can easily contaminate a HNO3 sample if not properly handled.

H2SO4 - Automated Analysis of Semiconductor Grade H2SO4 with prepFAST S and NexION 5000 ICPMS

ID: 71
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST S
Application: Semiconductor
Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) is used in the semiconductor industry as a means to clean and etch silicon wafers. The reduction of potential contamination of silicon wafers during the etching process is crucial, as trace metal, particulate, and organic contaminants can alter the functionality of semiconductors. At the sub-ppt level, environmental contaminants are difficult to control and can easily contaminate a H2SO4 sample if not properly handled.

BOE - Automated Analysis of Semiconductor Grade BOE with prepFAST S and NexION 5000 ICPMS

ID: 72
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST S
Application: Semiconductor
Buffered oxide etchants (BOEs) are blends of hydrofluoric acid, ammonium fluoride, surfactants, and ultrapure water utilized in the semiconductor industry to etch thin films of silicon wafers. The reduction of potential contamination of silicon wafers during the etching process is crucial, as trace metal, particulate, and organic contaminants can alter the functionality of semiconductors. At the sub-ppt level, environmental contaminants are difficult to control and can easily contaminate a BOE sample if not properly handled.

prepFAST IC: Inline Autodilution Method to Measure Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water

ID: 89
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST IC
Application: Agriculture & Food; Clinical & Life Sciences; Environmental; Pharmaceutical
The amount of chromium in drinking water has been a controversial and debatable topic recently. The EPA set the federal drinking water maximum contaminant level (MCL) to be less than 100 ppb total Cr based on a study from 1991. However, the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) requires the EPA to periodically review the level of contaminants in drinking water. In 2008, the EPA started to review the health effects associated with hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)).

Improve Laboratory Efficiency for Total Metals and Speciation Analysis Using prepFAST IC-HP

ID: 93
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST IC
Application: Agriculture & Food; Clinical & Life Sciences; Environmental; Pharmaceutical
Trace element analysis is vital for industrial, government, and academic communities. Knowing the total concentration of an element in a given sample is important, but it does not tell the whole story. The chemical species (e.g., As(III), As(V), or AsCH5O3) plays an important part in understanding how it can affect the environment, its bioavailability, or its toxicity. For example, inorganic arsenic (As(III)) is more toxic than organic arsenic (monomethylarsonic acid, MMA), whereas organic mercury (methylmercury) is more toxic than its inorganic form (Hg(II)).

Fully Automated Inline Sample Introduction System for Total Metals and Elemental Speciation in Clinical Samples

ID: 86
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST IC
Application: Agriculture & Food; Clinical & Life Sciences; Environmental; Pharmaceutical
This work demonstrates the use of the prepFAST IC as the front-end sample introduction system for analyzing undiluted blood, serum, plasma, and urine. The undiluted biological samples are loaded by vacuum or syringe, depending on the matrix and the amount of sample available. For total metals analysis, each sample type is automatically diluted inline by an appropriate dilution factor. Urine may also be automatically analyzed in speciation mode to determine the arsenic species present in the sample. The automated features of the system allow for multiple methods to be queued and run unattended, resulting in more efficient use of the ICPMS.

Elemental Analysis of Wines from Various Regions Around the World - prepFAST IC

ID: 84
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST IC
Application: Agriculture & Food; Clinical & Life Sciences; Environmental; Pharmaceutical
Wine is a popular beverage of choice throughout the world and can range in quality, cost, taste, and flavor. The perception of wine quality is generally characterized by the overall score received from a wine critic or the popularity among consumers. However, analytical testing is an important aspect for determining the quality of the wine from the perspective of food safety. The testing can be broken into a few categories: molecular or organic content and elemental or inorganic content. The elemental content can affect various properties of wine; some inorganics (e.g. S, P, Fe, Mg, or Ca) can affect the flavor, color, aroma, and rate of precipitation, whereas elements such as As, Cd, Hg, and Pb are considered toxic and pose great risk for the consumer.

Automated Analysis of Heavy Metals and Arsenic Species in Baby Cereal, Rice Flour, Seaweed, and Fish

ID: 87
Category: application-notes
ESI System: prepFAST IC
Application: Agriculture & Food; Clinical & Life Sciences; Environmental; Pharmaceutical
Food safety processes ensure that consumers receive products that are safe for consumption and free of physical, chemical, or biological hazards, including adulterants, pesticides, antibiotics, and chemical contaminants. In the case of chemical contaminants, heavy metals such as arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd) may lead to adverse health effects if consumed. Table 1 displays maximum contaminant limits for select food types in the United States, Europe Union (EU), Nigeria, and Oceania (Australia and New Zealand) related to As, Pb, Cd, Hg, and Se.
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